Biographies C







Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C.)
Roman general, statesman, and dictator, killed in an assassination.







Fritjof Capra (1939- )
German-American physicist and new age thinker, author of such books as The Tao of Physics.






Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881)
British essayist, historian, and social critic, best known for Sartor Resartus and The French Revolution.






Rudolf Carnap (1891-1970)
German philosopher, a major figure in the development of logical positivism.






Humphrey Carpenter (1946- )

British biographer, author of a biography of J. R.R. Tolkien and of The Inklings: C. S. Lewis, J. R. R. Tolkien, Charles Williams, and Their Friends (1979).






Edward Casey (1939-  )
American professor of philosophy at State University of New York at Stony Brook, author of such books as Imagining (1976), Remembering: A Phenomenological Study (1987), Getting Back into Place (1993), The Fate of Place: A Philosophical History (1996).







Pablo Casals (1876-1973)
Masterful Spanish cellist and composer.






Ernst Cassirer (1874-1945)
German philosopher, author of such works as The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms (1923-1929) and An Essay on Man (1945).






Picture from Sam Keen's VOICES AND VISIONS

Carlos Castaneda (1931-98)
Anthropologist and author, a major figure in the drug culture, author of such books as A Separate Reality, Journey to Ixtlan, and Tales of Power, accounts of his apprenticeship to a Yaqui Indian sorcerer.






Christopher Caudwell [pseudonym of Christopher St. John Sprigg] (1907-37)
British born Marxist, author of such books as The Airship: Its Design, History, Operation, and Future (1931), The Crisis in Physics (1939), Poems (1939), and Romance and Realism: A Study in English Bourgeois Literature (1970). He died fighting in the Spanish Civil War.






Stanley Cavell (1926- )
American philosopher and film and literary critic, author of Must We Mean What We Say? (1969); The World Viewed: Reflections on the Ontology of Film (1971); The Senses of Walden (1972); The Claim of Reason: Wittgenstein, Skepticism, Morality, and Tragedy (1979); Pursuits of Happiness: The Hollywood Comedy of Remarriage (1981).






David Cecil (1902-1986)
An Inkling, literary critic and historian, and colleague of C. S. Lewis.






Geoffrey Chaucer (1342-1400)
British poet, the foremost figure of Middle English literature, author of The Canterbury Tales, Troilus and Criseyde, and other works.






G. K.  Chesterton (1874-1936)
English novelist, critic, poet, and Christian apologist.







Noam Chomsky (1928- )
American professor of linguistics (at MIT), one of the most important figures in the history of the science, and political and media critic, author of Syntactic Structures, Cartesian Linguistics: A Chapter in the History of Rationalist Thought,  Language and Mind, American Power and the New Mandarins, Necessary Illusions: Thought Control in a Democratic Society, Media Control: The Spectacular Achievements of Propaganda, and many other books.







Saint John Chrysostom (349?-407)
Syrian born father of the early Church.





Cicero (Marcus Tullius) (106-43 BC)
Roman writer, statesman, and orator.






 Cinthio (xxx-xxx)
Pen name of Giambattista Giraldi (1504-1573), Italian Renaissance dramatist.






E. M. Cioran (1911- )
Deeply pessimistic Romanian aphorist/essayist, author of The Temptation to Exist, The Fall into Time, and other books.






Nevil Coghill (1899-1980)
An Inkling, librarian, theatrical producer, and friend of C. S. Lewis.






Sara Coleridge
The wife of Samuel Taylor Coleridge (maiden name Sara Fricker).








R. G. Collingwood (1889-1943)
British philosopher and historian of ideas, educated at Oxford, where he later became a tutor. Author of several books in his lifetime (including An Autobiography [1939] and Essay on Metaphysics [1940]), he was best known for two posthumously published works: The Idea of Nature (1945) and The Idea of History (1946).






Henry Steele Commager (1902-1998)
Distinguished American intellectual historian, author of The American Mind and other books.






D. G. Compton (1930- )
British science fiction and detective novelist, author os such books as The Unsleeping Eye (1974).






Auguste Comte (1798-1857)
French sociologist, one of its founding fathers, and advocate of positivism.






Cyril Connolly (1903-1974)
English critic and man of letters and editor of Horizon.






Joseph Conrad (1857-1924)
Polish-born British novelist, author of Heart of Darkness and other works.






Copernicus (1473-1543)
Polish astronomer, proposer of a heliocentric concept of the solar system.






Frederick Charles Copleston (1907-1994)
Jesuit priest who authored a multi-volume history of philosophy.






Henry Corbin
Prolific Islamic scholar, especially interested in Sufism, and author of such books as History of Islamic Philosophy, The Imginary and the Imaginal, and Alone with the Alone: Creative Imagination in the Sufism of Ibn Arabi.






Francis M. Cornford (1874-1943)

British classical scholar, author of From Religion to Philosophy (1912).






Gordon Craig (1872-1966)
British actor, writer, and stage designer. When Barfield met Maud Douie, she was a dancer in a Gordon Craig's company.







Sir Francis Crick (1916- )
British biophysicist, with James Watson co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, co-author of The Double Helix (1968), and co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine (1962).






Benedetto Croce (1866-1952)
Italian philosopher and historian, opponent of Mussolini and Ialian fascism.






Jonathan Culler (1944- )
American professor of literature, a member of the faculty at Cornell University; author of Structuralist Poetics: Structuralism, Linguistics, and the Study of Literature (1975), Ferdinand de Saussure (1976), The Pursuit of Signs (1981), On Deconstruction (1982), Roland Barthes (1982).







e. e. cummings (1894-1962)
Ingenious modern American poet, known for his iconoclastic satire and radical free verse experimentation.






Photo courtesy of a G. A. Custer website at the University of Texas.

George Armstrong Custer (1839-1876)
American military leader who led the U.S. forces in the disastrous Battle of the Little Big Horn (aka "Custer's Last Stand").