Biographies H






Image from Britannica Online

Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919)
German biologist and Darwinian popularizer.





George Rostrevor Hamilton (1888-1967)
British poet, educated at Oxford, influenced by Bergson and Plato.






Douglas Harding (1909-  )
An architect by profession, Harding was the author of such books as On Having No Head, Zen and the Rediscovery of the Obvious and The Hierarchy of Heaven and Earth, A New Diagram of Man in the Universe.






Thomas Hardy (1840-1928)
Victorian novelist and poet, author of Tess of the D'Urbervilles,Jude the Obscure, Return of the Native, Far from the Madding Crowd, and other works.






Geoffrey Hartman (1929- )
Professor of English at Yale and author of The Unmediated Vision: An Interpretation of Wordsworth, Hopkins, Rilke, and Valery  (1954) and other works of literary criticism.






Robert Emlyn "Humphrey" Havard (1901-85)
An Inkling and C. S. Lewis' doctor.






William Hazlitt (1778-1830)
British romantic essayist and critic.






Georg Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)
German Romantic idealist philosopher, author of The Phenomenology of Mind (1807; trans. 1910). Established the concept of the historical dialectic.






Martin Heidegger (1889-1976)
German phenomenological-existential philosopher, author of Being and Time (1927) and many other books. In the 1980s and later his reputation was tarnished by the discovery of his support of the Nazis. Barfield has often been referred to to as the "British Heidegger."






Werner Heisenberg (1901-76)
German quantum physicist and Nobel laureate, formulator of the indeterminacy (uncertainty) principle.






Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961)
American "Lost Generation" novelist and short story writer, author of such books as In Our Time, A Farewell to Arms, The Sun Also Rises, For Whom the Bell Tolls, and other books. Won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954.






Heraclitus (540?-475? BC)
Greek Pre-Socratic philosopher, who proposed fire as the ultimate source of all things, believed all things to be in a constant state of flux and change ("One never steps into the same river twice"), and sought to understand the Logos.






Hermann Hesse (1877-1962)
Visionary German novelist and poet, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, and author of such books as Siddhartha, Steppenwolf, Demian, Narcissus and Goldmund, and The Glass-Bead Game.






Alfred Hitchcock (1899-1980)
British-American film director, famous for such films as Notorious, Strangers on a Train, Psycho, Vertigo, North by Northwest, Rope, Rear Window.






Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)
Austrian-born German dictator and anti-semite, who lead Germany militarization and instigated World War II. Died by his own hand at the war's end.






Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
British materialist philosopher, author of Leviathan (1651), famous for his analysis of man in the state of nature.







Friedrich Holderlin (1770-1813)
German poet who, after a career as a tutor, fell into madness and spent the last thirty seven years of his life in an asylum. In the Twentieth Century thought to be one of history's greatest lyric poets.






Supposed author (almost nothing is known about his life) of the great Greek epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey.






Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-89)
Victorian Jesuit priest and poet, whose work did not become widely known until the early 20th century. Like Barfield, he attended Highgate School.






Image from Britannica Online

Horace (65-8 B.C.)
Roman lyric poet and satirist.






T. E. Hulme (1883-1917)
British literary critic and theorist. A follower of Bergson, he was killed in World War I.






David Hume (1711-1786)
Scottish empirical philosopher, historian, and skeptic.






Edmund Husserl (1859-1938)
German philosopher, founder of phenomenology.






Aldous Huxley (1894-1963)
British writer, author of such books as Brave New World (1932), The Perrenial Philosophy (1945), and Island (1962). His experimentation with hallucinogenic drugs led to such books as The Doors of Perception (1954).






Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-95)
British biologist and apologist for Darwinism.






Stanley Edgar Hyman (1919-1970)
American literary critic, author  of The Armed Vision: A Study in the Methods of Modern Literary Criticism (1955), The Tangled Bank: Darwin, Marx, Fraser and Freud as Imaginative Writers (1962), and other books.