Biographies R






Rabelais (1494-1553)
French priest and writer, author of Gargantua and Pantagruel.






Sir Walter Raleigh (1554-1618)
Elizabethan British adventurer and writer, one of the most important early explorers and colonizers of America.






Thomas Reid (1710-96)
Scottish philosopher, founder of the common-sense school.






Pierre Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)
French Impressionist painter.






I. A. Richards (1893-1979)
British critic and poet, author of The Meaning of Meaning (with C. K. Ogden), Science and Poetry (1926), Practical Criticism (1929), and other works. Barfield's Poetic Diction is, in part, a response to his positivistic approach to language.






Dorothy Richardson (1873-1957)
British novelist, author of the multi-volume, posthumously published stream-of-consciousness novel Pilgrimmage (1967).






Paul Ricoeur (1913- )
French philosopher, author of such books as The Symbolism of Evil (1960).






Arthur Rimbaud (1854-91)
Precocious French symbolist poet and enfant terrible, who quit writing in his teens.






Theodore Roethke (1908-1963)
American poet, winner of a Pulitzer, a Bollingen Prize, and the National Book Award.






Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-78)
Swiss-born French philosopher and political and social thinker, author of The Confessions, The Social Contract, and other works, and a key figure in the transition from the Englightenment to Romanticism.






Josiah Royce (1855-1916)
American idealist philosopher.






John Ruskin (1819-1900)
Victorian art critic and reformer, best known for championing the work of J. M. W. Turner.






Bertrand Russell (1872-1970)
British analytical philosopher and mathematician, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature.






Gilbert Ryle (1900-1976)
Influential British philosopher, a member of the faculty at Oxford, and author of The Concept of Mind (1949). One of the chief proponents of linguistic analysis.