Biographies M






Image from Britannica Online

Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800-59)
British historian, author of a five-volume History of England.






George MacDonald (1824-1905)
Scottish novelist, best known for his children stories and two allegorical adult fantasies, Phantastes (1858) and Lilith (1895).






Archibald MacLeish (1892-1982)
American poet, social critic,  and dramatist.






Rene Magritte (1898-1967)
Belgian painter, one of the major figures in the Surrealist movement.






Moses Maimonides (1135-1204)
Jewish philosopher, jurist, and physician, the foremost intellectual figure of medieval Judaism" [Britannica Online]. 






Bronislaw Malinowski (1884-1942)
Pioneering Polish-born, British anthropologist, author of such books as Argonauts of the South Pacific  and Magic, Science, and Religion






Image from Britannica Online

Gabriel Marcel (1889-1973)
French Roman Catholic existential philosopher.






Karl Marx (1818-1883)
German philosopher and economist, whose ideas, expressed in Das Kapital, The Communist Manifesto, and other works, helped to establish communism as a world-historical force.






James Clerk Maxwell (1831-79)
"British physicist, whose research and writing explained the properties of electromagnetism. These contributions made him one of the most important scientists of the 1800s. Maxwell also developed the kinetic theory of gases, which explains the physical properties and nature of a gas. His other accomplishments include the investigation of color vision and the principles of thermodynamics" [Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation].






Herman Melville (1819-1891)
American poet and fiction writer, best known for Moby DIck and Billy Budd.






H. L. Mencken (1880-1956)
American journalist and humorist, author of The American Language and other works.






John Milton (1608-74)
Major British poet, most famous for the epic Paradise Lost (1667).






Claude Monet (1840-1926)
French painter, perhaps the most important of the Impressionists.






Jacques Monod (1910-76)
French biologist, director of the Pasteur Institute in Paris, professor at the College dé France, and winner (with André Lwoff and François Jacob) of the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1965. Author of Chance and Necessity: An Essay on the Natural Philosophy of Modern Biology (1970).






Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)
French sceptic and autobiographer, author of Essai.






G. E. Moore (1873-1958)
British analytical philosopher.






Francis J. Morris
Professor of English at St. Joseph's University in Philadelphia.






Benito Mussolini (1883-1945)
Italian fascist political leader who became the nation's dictator "Il Duce" and aligned Italy with Hitler during World War II. Shot while trying to flee Italy to Switzerland.






Doris Myers (1934- )
Professor Emeritus at the University of Northern Colorado, author of C. S. Lewis in Context, and other books.